Task and purpose
The Botanical Garden "Jevremovac", classroom under the open sky, is an integral part of the Institute of Botany of the Faculty of Biology, the University of Belgrade, which is one of the largest and oldest faculties of natural sciences in Southeast Europe. At the Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden, the teaching and scientific activities are carried out by the work of Chair of Ecology and Geography of Plants; Chair of Algology, Mycology and Lichenology; Chair of Morphology and Systematics of Plants; Chair of Microbiology and Chair of Plant Physiology.
The outdoor part of the Botanical Garden "Jevremovac" contains more than 2000 different species. There are about 300 species of trees and shrubs and around 800 herbaceous plants of native, European and exotic regions, while the number of tropical, subtropical and desert plants cultivated in the greenhouse is estimated at more than 1000 species. The outdoor part is divided into geographical and ecological sections, so the visitors of the Botanical Garden have a unique opportunity to get familiar with the wonderful world of plants in a small area, revealing the secrets of their classification, morphology, distribution, as well as the ways of their adaptation to life in the most diverse environmental conditions.
As the first and so far the only Botanical Garden in Serbia, due to its outstanding natural values and characteristics, the area of Botanical Garden is protected as "Natural Monument" by the (Decree on the Protection of Nature Monument Botanical Garden "Jevremovac" - "Official Gazette of RS", No. 23/95). With its significant scientific, cultural, historical and architectural values, "Jevremovac" represents a unique system of the monument complex and as such it is also protected as a Cultural Monument by the Decision on the Establishment of the Botanical Garden "Jevremovac in Belgrade as the Cultural Monument ("Official Gazette of RS" No. 30/07). Accordingly, the total area of the Botanical Garden was placed under a special protection regime, with the particular obligation of the society for taking care of its development and protection.
Within this Natural and Cultural Monument, valuable units of the Faculty of Biology of the University of Belgrade are located as well: Herbarium (with a special collection of plants collected by Josif Pančić - Herbarium Pancicanum) and the Library of the Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden "Jevremovac".
Several special programs for the protection of endangered plant species are being carried out at the Botanical Garden "Jevremovac". Some of these plants are successfully cultivated in the Botanical Garden, their seed banks have been formed, which allows for their potential reintroduction to natural habitats from which they have disappeared or where their number has decreased to a critical level. Some plants, which are more difficult for cultivation under the conditions in the Botanical Garden, are included in a special breeding program using the plant tissue culture method. With this modern method, from one individual, in laboratory conditions, hundreds of new individuals can be propagated, which can then be returned to natural habitats.