In the northeastern part of the Botanical Garden, there is a greenhouse. It was founded in 1892 as a gift of King Milan and with the help of the Ministry of Education and Ecclesiastical Works of that time. It was built by the company Mozentin from Dresden, which is widely known for its extremely beautiful greenhouse projects all over Europe. It was intended for Belgrade's Great School, for preserving and cultivating exotic plants, and for the visitors to enjoy. It became a part of the cultural heritage of Belgrade and was fundamentally reconstructed in 2014.
Today, in accordance with the Grant of Kind Milan, it is also intended for the educational purposses of pupils and students of Serbia, as well as all other visitors.
The greenhouse is built in a Victorian style, with a central dome and two wings, covering about 550 sqm of the area and preserving over 1000 different tropical, subtropical and Mediterranean species of herbaceous and woody plants, grouped geographically, by continents and ecologically. In the southern wing and under the central dome grows the splendid and vibrant flora of tropical rainforests within the exhibitions Tropics in Belgrade and a diverse world of aquatic plants within the Water Garden.
A rich collection of succulent plants, the world of deserts, sands, stones and sun, immense beauty and wonderful metamorphoses grows in the northern wing of the greenhouse.