University Of Belgrade - Faculty Of Biology
Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden "Jevremovac"

Japanese garden

The art of Japanese gardens is expressed through the simplicity of lines and colors. Irrespective whether large or small, Japanese gardens have preserved their special form. They are not symmetrical or monumental. They reflect the beauty of nature by insisting on its uniqueness and harmony

Stone, water and plants are the three basic elements present in Japanese gardens.

The stone is a sacred object in Japan. According to the folk belief, the ghosts live in stones, and if they are placed as stairs above the water, they symbolize the mountains. Stoning is related to balancing of energy in nature. In groups of three, they symbolize triad of heaven, earth and man.

Water is a symbol of the ocean and is an important element in the Japanese garden. It reminds us of constant changes in nature. As a reflection of nature, water currents and pools enrich the space with a new dimension of sound.

Plants hide or highlight the details of stone and soil, and create a finite ambience. Plants are chosen by their symbolism. Pine tree is a symbol of longevity and love, because with age it becomes more beautiful and luxurious. The cherry tree is a symbol of eternal youth and spring, while deciduous maple trees are a symbol of the cycle of life and death, reminding the visitor of the transience of life.